There is no universal dietary supplement strategy, valid for everyone and forever
Food supplements, when to get them?Pressured by advertisement, many people are confident that taking more vitamins and minerals will make them feel better. But most of us already take the right amount of many micronutrients through our daily meals: over-adding nutritional principles does not give a real advantage to our metabolism, which will tend to eliminate the surplus. In some conditions, excess or long lasting consumption of certain types of vitamin supplements or other micronutrients (iron, calcium and even vitamin C) can even have adverse effects. Moreover, some elements, if combined in the wrong way, cancel out their benefits. In addition, it is really important to be self-conscious. Most likely, what we need in some moments of our life is not a single product but a balanced plan of food supplementation, able to evolve in sync with our needs. The advice, therefore, is to turn first to the general practitioner and then to a nutrition professional for setting up a specific examinations plan to assess any deficits linked to individual age, gender, dietary style, physical condition and any pre-pathological conditions or diseases. And, not least, goals.
Food supplements and AgeAge must be taken into account when drawing up a dietary supplementation plan, because it may suggest a specific type of supplementation. Young children and menopausal women and the elderly, for example, may need help with vitamin D supplementation. For the elderly, again, it must considered typical age-related deficiencies, such as the difficulty in absorbing vitamin B12 or the dramatic reduction (less 40% between 40 and 70 years) of NADNAD (Nicotinamide adenindinucleotide ) is a co-enzyme essential to the metabolism of the cell, intervening in the activity of more than 200 enzyme proteins that govern the energy process of the cell itself. With age, one becomes deficient in this co-enzyme by altering cell catabolism., a coenzyme involved in many metabolic reactions and able to protects against the harmful action of free radicalsA free radical is a particularly reactive molecule or atom that contains at least one odd electron in its outermost orbital. Because of this chemical characteristic, free radicals are highly unstable and try to return to equilibrium by stealing from the nearby atom the electron needed to equalize its electromagnetic charge. This mechanism gives rise to new unstable molecules, triggering a chain reaction that, if not stopped in time, ends up damaging cellular structures and metabolic processes.. Needs, metabolism, hormonal balance change with the passage of time: the dietary supplementation plan should mirror this evolution.
Food supplements and GenderThe gender also impacts the drafting of the supplementation plan: males and females may have different needs in terms of quantity and type of substances. These differences are accentuated when certain physiological conditions occur, such as pregnancy or menopause.
Health and nutrition professionals should lead the development of a customised dietary supplement by taking into account age, gender, physical condition, any medical conditions and goals.
Food supplements and Physical conditionThe dietary supplementation plan must take into account the lifestyle habits (for example veganism and vegetarianism) and the physical condition (even a food intolerance can make a difference). It is also necessary to take into account if there are any pre-pathological conditions to target or already established pathologies. In the latter case, the disease itself or the drugs used can influence the bioavailability of nutrients.